MUMBAI: Father of Indian Constitution, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar believed that fundamental rights (which are guaranteed by Indian Constitution) belong only to human beings and not to the animals.
This means that Father of Indian Constitution is very much clear that in the name of animal protection, or agriculture or prevention of cruelty against animals, the fundamental rights of humans cannot be violated or infringed.
Recent outbursts against Muslims and Dalits, violence, mob lynching and hurdles in business, trade, food habits in the name of ‘Gau Raksha’, would be considered as the violation of fundamental rights to life and liberty under the Article 21 of Constitution of India.
It is said the earlier Draft of Indian Constitution had no mention of Ban on cow slaughtering. The Indian Constitution declared Un-touchability as unconstitutional, because it was crime against humans. Dr Ambedkar’s reluctance to declare cow slaughter as unconstitutional was severely criticized. A huge pressure was built up in constituent assembly, it is said.
Later, due to such pressures, ban on cow slaughter was included in the Indian Constitution under article 48, which is the part of directive principles of state policies, not enforceable in the court of law.
Recent crackdown of various State Governments against Slaughter Houses and Beef Trades can be considered as curtailment of liberty of trade & profession.
The governments are taking cover of legality to crack down against the trade and professions dominated by certain groups, as if illegal activities in the country are being practiced only to run slaughter houses and beef trade.
Are there no illegalities being practiced in other professions and trades?
Why some trades and professions are being singled out and targeted?
Doesn’t this prove prejudice in governance?
The Central & State Governments must answer such questions.